“These structures were commissioned by former Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito in the 1960s and 70s to commemorate sites where WWII battles took place or where concentration camps stood. They were designed by different sculptors and architects, conveying powerful visual impact to show the confidence and strength of the Socialist Republic. In the 1980s, these monuments attracted millions of visitors per year, especially young pioneers for their ‘patriotic education.’ After the Republic dissolved in early 1990s, they were completely abandoned, and their symbolic meanings were forever lost. From 2006 to 2009, Kempenaers toured around the ex-Yugoslavia region with the help of a 1975 map of memorials, bringing before our eyes a series of melancholy yet striking images.”
Long Bridge - Folkert Gorter
American artist Will Insley worked for over 40 years on a monumental project, the planning of an imaginary city called “OneCity”. Starting in the 1950s, with a huge series of paintings and drawings, the artist constructed an urban vision which he completed with writings on the social and political structures associated with the physical aspects. Insley asserted that the project has its roots in ancient myths rather than in utopian views or contemporary urban planning theories and projects.
The architectural layout of OneCity consists of over 14000 square metres of nine-story buildings. Each one is two and half miles wide and is divided into an “Over-building” and an “Under-building”, with nine underground floors. The overall system takes the shape of a labyrinthine semi-buried complex, located between the Mississippi and the Rockies, able to host the whole population of the United States at the time: 400 millions people. The architectural language is rather sculptural with an attempt to an atemporal style, lacking any ornament or recognizability of functions.
Glen Lake Tower Balance Associates Architects
Directed to create “a sustainable retreat that reflects the timeless beauty and simple comforts of the area,” the architects responded by raising the primary living space above the dense surrounding woods in order to gain light, air and views of Glen Lake and Lake Michigan beyond. Two fin-like, metal-clad walls rise from the crown of the hill to support a three-story plywood box suspended a full story above grade.
Maryland Heights Elementary School, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 1968
"Darling, where shall we send our child to school so that he learns discipline and self-reliance?"
"Maryland Heights! It’s just down the street, it’s got a drama program, and it looks like the inside of a nightmare!”