The National Library in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan by Abdul Akhmedov in 1964. The three-storey concrete project is a magnificent example of Soviet modernism with brutalist tendencies. It utilizes highly Islamic, namely Iranian, forms as the basis of its plan. This is notably seen the central courtyard which functions for utilitarian and aesthetic purposes. It is shown as a focal point due to the nature of the social patterns in eastern societies which are centered around courtyards and atria, places where scholarly discussion and the sharing of ideas takes place have taken place for millennia. Islamic influences are also seen in the modernized screens and the Persian water gardens which have both been hardened and masculinized, contrasting their traditional femininity and etherealness. This library both established Turkmenistan as a distinct nation from Moscow while still embracing the modernist movement that came with the industrialization of the Soviet Republics.
Freelance San Francisco-based photographer Dave Glass documented the urban renewal effort in San Francisco’s area of Western Addition that, in the second half of the 1970’s, involved the relocation of many 19th century victorian buildings to their new permanent locations. A relocated house could be purchased from the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency for $1 (one dollar) plus relocation and restoration costs.
Palace Swallow’s Nest Tim Zizifus
"The Swallow’s Nest (Russian: Ла́сточкино гнездо́, Lastochkino gnezdo, Ukrainian: Ластівчине гніздо, Lastivchyne hnizdo) is a decorative castle located at Gaspra, a small spa town between Yalta and Alupka, on the Crimean Peninsula. It was built between 1911 and 1912, on top of the 40-metre (130 ft) high Aurora Cliff, in a Neo-Gothic design by the Russian architect Leonid Sherwood for the Baltic German oil millionaire Baron von Steingel." [via]